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Most hype medias by TwoCan Conservation (twocanconservation)

We spent the past years creating the best community we could have asked for, from scientists to photographers. In 2021, we are ready and so excited to take a next step! 📖 This year, we will be collaborating with more partners, NGOs and universities. Our aim will be to (1) produce better/more accessible scientific content with our brand new video concept, (2) promote the hard work that African NGOs are performing in the field, and (3), raise more funds to support those NGOs that are entirely dedicated to preserve the remaining endangered species in Africa. 🎯 The best is yet to come.. in the meantime, here are our top 10 pictures captured by our precious friends and collaborators 🥰 📸 @alice_peretie, @mathieu_latour_lenomadenature, @arnaud_wildlife, @will_donald

7 things to know for World Cheetah Day! 🐆 Cheetahs like most carnivores in Africa have lost most of their geographic range throughout the past century. Fewer than 7,100 are alive in the wild. They are vulnerable to extinction. 💥 We are pleased to announce that we will be donating 100% of the profits of our Cheetah Merchandise towards @musekeseconservation, a dedicated anti-poaching organisation working to secure core cheetah habitat within the Kafue National Park.👌 Link to the cheetah merch in our bio! 👕 Make sure to support other African NGOs working on conserving cheetahs – This includes @krcbotswana , @botswanapredatorconservation , @pantheracats , @africanparksnetwork , @endangeredwildlifetrust, @wildlife_act ,@zcp_zambia , @ccfcheetah and so many more. 🙋🏻🗣️Help us promote NGO’s that work with cheetahs that we forgot to mention in the comment! 👇 📸 @mathieu_latour_lenomadenature

7 things to know about painted dogs 🧐 Is there a fact that you did not already know? Drop a comment bellow if you are looking for scientific references to learn more about each fact! 📝 🙋🏻👇 Remember that we are raising funds to support NGOs preserving the last population of painted dogs in West Africa (with around 50 individuals remaining in #niokolokoba National Park). We are donating 100% of the painted dog merch - link in bio ☺️👕 #africanwilddog #infographics #wildlifeinfographic #lycaonpictus #wildlifeeducation #wildliferesearch #africanimals #wildlifeconservation #endangeredspecies #saveourwildlife #scicomm #wilddogs #conservationist

Message from @will_donald – Whilst @angelo_poupard is slaving away at his masters studies, things are wrapping up here for the @musekeseconservation field season. The rains have hit, and they have hit hard, turning the northern section of the Kafue into a swamp and making it near impossible for data collection. However, there have been some definite highlights over the last few months. My biggest highlight was spending a few days with the Zambian carnivore programme @zcp_zambia where we tracked a painted dog pack that had newly formed in the musekese area, and managed to collar one of the females. This pack have appeared on most of our camera trap sites in the core area, showing just how far they can move! The best sighting of which was at a waterhole where they encountered a herd of zebra. One of the coolest camera trap photos I have ever seen! The plan now is to spend the off season (Dec-April) organising everything necessary to hit the ground running again in May. As I now have plenty more time on my hands, expect a greater amount of TwoCan content in the future! #africanresearchers #wildlifeeducation #africanwilddog #painteddog #lycaon #lycaonpictus #sharesouthafrica #natureinfocus #africanimals #africa #loveyourwildlife #conservation #wildlifeconservation #earthoffline #cameratrap #forwildlife #kafuenationalpark #knp #ForNature #wildliferesearch #animals #wildlifephotohraphy #cameratrap #browningtrailcam #wildplanet #wildlifeplanet #focusspecies #ecosystems

Message from @angelo_poupard – While @will_donald is working day and night in the Kafue National Park with @musekeseconservation, I am recalling my time spent with him going in the field every morning. Spending unending hours in the cold or the heat monitoring African wild dogs and appreciating their incredible social structure, is by far the most incredible feeling I have experienced. Over the next 12 months, I will be conducting my two next research projects in West Africa (with ZSL and Imperial College London). For my first project, I will be using satellite remote sensing historical data to look at the impact of agricultural encroachment on ecosystem functioning in the WAP complex. 🛰️📡 My second project will look at human-carnivore conflict in the Niokolo-Koba National Park, Senegal, and hopefully, I will conduct an ecological follow up on the last population of painted dogs in the entire region. Eager to raise awareness in West Africa, a fantastic area still highly underestimated by the public! 👊 🙋Remember that we are donating 100% of the painted dog merch profits to save the last population of painted dog in West Africa. Make sure to get yours and become a true TwoCan Conservation ambassador! 📸 @byrongrobler @mathieu_latour_lenomadenature @alice_peretie @arnaud_wildlife 🎨 @pawprintsart #africanresearchers #wildlifeeducation #africanwilddog #painteddog #lycaon #lycaonpictus #sharesouthafrica #natureinfocus #africanimals #africa #loveyourwildlife #conservation #wildlifeconservation #earthoffline

Elephants killing rhinos –fake news, true story?🐘🦏 National lockdown is tough but at least it means one thing: we have more time to connect with you! We will be sharing one post a day mentioning an awesome story/fact related to African wildlife conservation – Stay tuned! There were no elephants present in 1980 in the Hluhluwe Game Reserve. To combat this, an elephant reintroduction program took place where 56 young orphan elephants were introduced. An unexpected problem was that the young males killed more than 60 rhinos in a few years (including highly endangered black rhinos)!! This was something not seen elsewhere, and was explained by the fact that there were no mature male elephants in the reserve, leading to the orphan male elephants coming into musth at a younger age than normal and staying in musth for longer periods. They then introduced only 10 mature bulls in the reserve, which led to a reduction of younger elephants killing rhinos within a decade. Next time someone asks you what the role of mature males is within the social structure of elephants - mention this story! Reference: Elephant Management in the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park (Druce et al., 2017) 🙋🏻🙋🏻👇 We are donating 100% of the elephant merch profits to help an NGO conserving the last remaining populations of elephants in West Africa. Make sure to get yours - become a TwoCan ambassador and contribute to your own scale to saving elephants in Africa! 📸 @mathieu_latour_lenomadenature (1&4), @will_donald , @alice_peretie #earthoffline #elephant #africanresearchers #africanimals #africawildlife #africanconservation #conservationresearch #conservationeducation #loveyourwildlife #conservation #sharesouthafrica #stoppoaching #wildlifephotography

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Not everyone has had the privilege to blow @will_donald 's mind.. but Dr Apps was successful! 😉 To be fair, what an amazing project Dr Apps and his colleagues from @botswanapredatorconservation are conducting!😯 Imagine the possibility of a project (the Bioboundary Project) that would benefit both to African carnivores and farmers at the same time, without being intrusive for any stakeholders? 🐄🐆 To listen to this incredible project, check out our YouTube page or directly from our website. 🎙️ 👕 To support the conservation of painted dogs in Africa, consider supporting the bioboundary project, or buy one of painted dog jumper.. 100% of the profit are donating to support the last population of painted dogs in West Africa. (link in bio) 📸 @byrongrobler #earthoffline #wildliferesearch #wildlifeeducation #lycaon #bioboundaryproject #wildlifehumanconflict #carnivoreconservation

It is not just Lycaon pictus! 🤔👇 We thought it would be a great idea to share with you the complete taxonomic name of the Painted dog, which can be used for any species on our precious planet. Taxonomy is referred to as the branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms. In 1735 Carolus Linnaeus published “Systema Naturae “ and for this, he is considered as the father of taxonomy. 🌵🦎🦚 Throughout time scientific and common names have changed for some species, specifically for the painted dog. This post will hopefully show you the complexity of naming species. We will cover future posts explaining the origins of the scientific and common of the painted dog. Stay tuned! 🐾 🙋🏻Help us spread the message - share, like, comment, and communicate about wildlife conservation Infographic credit: @will_donald #taxonomy #earthoffline #scicomm #scienceawareness #lycaonpictus #lycaon #scientificname #scientificnames #endangeredspecies #iucnredlist #wildlifeeducation #conservationists #talkswild

Our co-founder Will’s first visual sighting of Painted Dogs in the Kafue National Park! The Kafue is home to a healthy but declining painted dog population. There were 7 dogs in this pack, four males and three females. The four males are dispersers from a pack further south that had recently split up after one of the females was killed in a road accident. It is good to know that they have now joined up with three new females, the origins of which are currently unknown. The painted dogs in this section of the park are monitored collaboratively between @zcp_zambia and @musekeseconservation. Musekese conservation conducts vital anti-poaching patrols in the area, which deters poachers from entering this section of the park and helps to ensure the painted dogs and other wildlife species continue to persist for years to come! #painteddog #wilddog #africanwilddog #capehuntingdog #KafueNP #knp #research #wildliferesearch #wildlifeconservation #conservation #SAconservation #SAwildlife #zambia #zambiawildlife

BUY A TEE SHIRT THAT SAVES VULTURES! It’s very likely that vultures will be extinct in Africa within 50 years if current trends continue. Of the 10 vulture species that live in Africa, 9 are endangered or critically endangered. We’ve decided to support Raptors Botswana, who do terrific work in conserving vulture populations in Botswana and Southern Africa through research and community driven conservation about the importance of vultures. Therefore, TwoCan Conservation is currently selling Vulture Merchandise on our website, where 100% OF THE PROFIT raised is donated straight to this organisation of passionate conservationists. Contribute at your own scale and become a real ambassador for the conservation of vultures! 🧐 Link in the bio! https://teespring.com/vulture-merchandise?pid=2&tsmac=store&tsmic=twocan-conservation #vultures #vultureconservation #saveourwildlife #endangeredspecies #endangeredvultures #birdlovers #africanvulturecrisis #raptorsbotswana #africawildlife #IVAD #wildlifemerchandise

Morning all, co-founder Will here. Just thought I’d share some awesome predator sightings on my personal camera traps over the last couple of weeks in the Kafue! I’m still yet to see painted dogs in the field, but it is great to know they are present in the Musekese Conservation study area. #painteddog #hyaena #leopard #kafuenationalpark #knp #zambia #southernafrica #wildlifeconservation #saveourspecies

Together we can help halt the decline in vulture populations. Tomorrow is international vulture awareness day, so we thought we’d share with you some information regarding the plight of African vultures. Of the 10 vulture species that live in Africa, 9 are endangered or critically endangered. 5 of the 6 endemic species (Cape, White-headed, white-backed, hooded, & rüppells) are classified as endangered or critically endangered, and all four non-endemic species (lappet-faced, bearded, Egyptian, and Griffon) Africa based populations are endangered. The causes of vulture decline are almost entirely due to humans. 60% of vulture decline is due to poisoning, both unintentional by farmers targeting other species, and intentional by poachers who are trying to reduce vulture numbers as they alert law enforcement to poached animals. 30% of the decline is due to vultures being sold as bushmeat or parts being sold in traditional medicine. 9% is due to vultures being killed by power lines, either through in-flight collision with wires or when they roost on towers. It’s very likely that vultures will be extinct in Africa within 50 years if current trends continue. That’s why we at twocan conservation have decided to do something about it. We have decided to sell vulture themed merchandise, with the profits going to an organisation that is working to protect vulture species. We’ve decided to support Raptors Botswana, an offshoot of @krcbotswana , who do terrific work in conserving vulture populations in Botswana and Southern Africa through research and community driven conservation about the importance of vultures. If you would like to support On the ground conservation of vultures in Botswana and would like some of our merch, you can buy it on our website, the link is in our bio! #IVAD #vulture #africanvulturecrisis #africa #africanvultures #africanconservation #wildlifeconservation #saveourspecies #wildlifemerchandise #merchandise #africawildlife #raptorsbotswana

Which animals produced the tracks in these images? One method that has been used for decades to monitor predator populations is by using their tracks. Tracks are a great way to work out whether major predators are in the area you work. Tracks are also used to measure predator densities - the number of tracks of a species per 100km driven can be converted into a density estimate of animals/100km2, which can further be converted into an abundance estimate. However, recent research by @globalconservationist and colleagues has called into question using animal tracks for measuring density and abundance, particularly for wide-ranging low density carnivores such as painted dogs, cheetahs, and lions. Their study found that track abundance estimates often overstate prescision or are too imprecise to provide meaningful information for carnivore population management. By using data from 2 lion populations with known densities, they found that track density estimates were accurate at predicting population density only ~20% of the time, meaning 80% of the time track density estimates are essentially rubbish. Monitoring carnivore populations using robust methodologies such as capture-recapture, where you can identify individuals and their movements, is definitely the best way to monitor the long term status of carnivore populations. #carnivoretracks #wildlife #conservation #research #africa #wildlifeconservation

Our previous vulture infographic was based on the endemic African species. Today, we look at the non-endemic species, of which there are four: Lappet Faced Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Bearded Vulture, and Griffon Vulture. As well as residing in Africa, these species also have populations in Eurasia. Two of these species are globally endangered (Lappet faced & Egyptian). However, Whilst the Bearded & Griffon vultures are not endangered, their breeding African populations are, with bearded vultures declining by 80% in Africa, and the Griffon vulture only having one breeding population in the very north of the continent - it’s entirely possible that Griffon Vultures will stop breeding in Africa within the next 20-30 years. Our next infographic will detail will be on international Vulture Awareness day, the 4th September, and will detail the main conservation threats to vulture species in Africa. We also have exciting news, as on international vulture awareness day we will be launching our Vulture themed merchandise, of which 100% of the profits (up to a specific target) will go to @krcbotswana Raptors Botswana Programme, who do excellent work in conserving Vultures in Southern Africa and deserve support! #vulture #vulturecrisis #africa #wildlife #conservation #vultureconservation #saveourwildlife #research #science #infographic #wildlifeconservation #southafricanwildlife #eastafrica #westafrica #ecosystem #africanconservation

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Meet @rochellemph, a young passionate conservationist currently pursuing her masters in collaboration with the @krcbotswana Kalahari Research & Conservation (KRC). 🙋🏿 Rochelle’s work essentially focusses on raptors and particularly on vultures that are highly endangered within the continent. 👩🏾‍💻 Through her experience and opportunities, we want to highlight a few major tips that will assist young African (and in fact worldwide) students to find opportunities to pursue their passion for conservation. 🗣️💡 The following videos will delve into her work with the KRC to conserve vultures, stay tuned !! 🔦🎙️

Today is world painted dog day, and we have got exciting news! 😁 To support this endangered and fascinating species, we are pleased to announce that in the next week or so we will be launching our painted dog merchandise, amazingly designed by @edharrison co-founder of @_undertheskin (check out their amazing work!) We are planning to donate 100% of the profits (up to a specific target) to help an NGO conserving the last remaining population of painted dog in West Africa, the details of which will be announced shortly. This population of ~30 individuals in located in Niokolo-Koba National Park, Senegal. The funds we raise will help contribute to the monitoring of this population, as very little is known about it currently. We will also spend the following weeks raising awareness about the situation of carnivores in West Africa. Niokolo-Koba’s predator populations are in definite need of conservation action, as are the rest of the carnivore populations in West Africa! 🦁🧐 👇Let us know in comment bellow your thought on this exciting project! #worldpainteddogday

Our cofounder Will is currently working in the Kafue National Park with @musekeseconservation. He’s been out on 3 drives so far and has had 3 awesome big cat sightings - a large male lion, a female leopard, and a mother cheetah with 2 cubs. The Kafue has Zambia’s largest cheetah population, a large lion population, and a healthy leopard population. Will has been brought in to conduct research in the Musekese-Lumbeya portion of the Kafue, to help ascertain the status and health of all major mammal carnivore populations in the area. #kafuenationalpark #zambia #zambianconservation #southernafrica #Lion #leopard #cheetah #carnivore #wildliferesearch #conservation #africa #wildifeconservation

Following our viral lion infographic explaining the drastic decline of lions in the post colonial period, we are highlighting the African Lion Working Group (ALWG). 🧐 The ALWG is forum/collective of experts whos aim is to conserve lions in Africa. 🦁 We asked Dr Alves @the_conservation_vet , a member of this group and renowned South African wildlife vet from Wildlifevets SA, to tell us more about the role of the ALWG. 🗣🎙 👇 With less than 400 lions in the entire region of West Africa, the west African lion would become regionally extirpated without the hard work of NGOs such as @africanparksnetwork, @pantheracats , @officialzsl, #LeoFoundation.. 👉To learn more about the West African Lion, read the scientific publication from Henschel, P & his colleagues, 2014. The Lion is West Africa is critically Endangered. 📃 Moreover, recent studies using the field of genetics have suggested a revision of the taxonomy of the African lion. 🧪👨‍💻 Indeed, it appears that the West & Central African Lion represent a unique clade (meaning they are genetically isolated from other African lions). This is worth mentioning as this population is currently at risk of extinction. Losing this last population of the West African Lion would therefore have many more consequences in term of lion’s genetic diversity. 🧬 👉 To understand more about the taxonomy, evolution & genetic diversity of the African lion, we strongly suggest you to read Dr Bertola’s thesis 👨‍🔬 – “Genetic Diversity in the Lion (Panthera leo (Linnaeus 1758)): Evolutionary History & Conservation for the Future”. 📃 #criticallyendangered #westafricanlion #lionconservation #africanlionworkinggroup #africanwildife #wildlifeinterview #wildlifepodcast #conservationeducation #earthoffline #wildlifeconservation #westafrica #evolution #genetic #taxonomy #iucn #iucnredlist

We are thrilled that @iamcardib is drawing attention to West African conservation with her new song WAP. In her song, she is clearly referring to the WAP complex, a 30,000km2 transfrontier conservation area between Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. This conservation area holds 95% of the remaining population of the critically endangered West African Lion. Thanks Cardi B for raising awareness about the WAP! #CardiB #WAP #wapcomplex #westafrica #westafricaconservation #benin #burkinafaso #niger #pendjari #arly #wnationalpark #Lion #endangeredspecies #mammalz #savebigcats #felidae #pantheraleo #pendjari #criticallyendangered

Today is world elephant day, so we thought we’d share an elephant infographic! For the purpose of this infographic we have grouped forest and savannah elephants together, as both face the same threats. There are between 400,000 and 550,000 elephants in the wild in Africa today. The population is declining, most heavily in central and Eastern Africa, but also in Southern Africa. Only west Africa has a growing elephant population, and this is primarily because there are so few elephants there. The majority are in the WAP complex (Benin/Burkina Faso/niger), which has doubled in recent years. Elephant populations are primarily declining due to the illegal Ivory trade. Over 100,000 elephants were poached for their ivory between 2006-2015. Other threats include habitat fragmentation and human-elephant conflict at the border regions of wildlife areas. So how can you help elephant conservation? Donate to wildlife organisations, particularly those working in endangered elephant populations. Secondly, if you are a photo-tourist, go on safari in a less well known elephant area so that your money will go further for elephant conservation. And finally, DON’T BUY IVORY. Tell your friends and family about the ivory trade, and lobby politicians to ban the trade in your country. We can halt the decline. #elephant #elephants #worldelephantday #africa #wildlife #conservation #elephantconservation #saveourwildlife #research #science #infographic #wildlifeconservation #southafricanwildlife #eastafrica #westafrica #ecosystem #africanconservation

Today is world lion day, so we thought we’d share a lion infographic! Lion populations have severely declined in Africa, going from about 200,000 individuals in the 1970’s to less than 20,000 today. They only occupy about 12% of their historic range. Lions have become extinct in 5 countries since 2005, and have declined severely in many others. Lions are only doing well in Southern Africa, where their average numbers are stable or increasing in all countries except Zambia, Angola, & Malawi. Lion populations are declining for several reasons, that all stem from human population growth. As the human population grows, lion habitat becomes increasingly fragmented, with more people living adjacent to lion areas. This causes increased conflict as lions often target cattle that roams next to lion areas and farmers retaliate by killing them. The bushmeat trade is a primary cause of decline, with the prey in lion areas being severely depleted by bushmeat poaching which means lions have less to eat. A growing demand for lion parts in the Far East means lions are also being targeted by poachers for their body parts. All of these factors could be mitigated by funding lion areas adequately. However, the majority of countries in Africa cannot adequately fund their protected areas to have lions at HALF their carrying capacity (let alone full), with most countries being below 75% funding. It’s estimated that between $1-2 billion is needed ANNUALLY to achieve this, and the figure is currently only around $200million. Trophy hunting is also a cause of lion decline, but only if it’s poorly regulated. Well-regulated hunting has the potential to support lion populations. We will weigh up the pros and cons of trophy hunting in a future infographic. So how can you help lion conservation? Donate to wildlife organisations, particularly those working in endangered lion populations. Secondly, if you are a photo-tourist, go on safari in a less well known lion area so that your money will go further for lion conservation. If you are a hunter, make sure that you hunt in an ethical area where lions are stable so you won’t contribute to lion decline in that area. #Lion #worldlionday

Vultures are in serious decline across Africa. A total of 10 vulture species live in Africa, of which 6 are endemic to Africa, meaning they are found in the wild nowhere else in the world. Of the 6 endemic species, all but one species are carnivorous, and 3 are obligate scavengers (white backed, rüppells, & cape), meaning they solely survive off scavenging meat and bones from dead carcasses. The other two carnivorous species (white headed & hooded) are also facultative scavengers which means they opportunistically feed on dead carcasses when they get the chance. Their scavenging behaviour is what normally gives vultures a bad rap - how can something that eats rotting meat all the time be useful? But in reality, vultures are extremely important; they are nature’s dustbins. Without vultures, carcasses of dead animals would be left to rot, becoming cesspits for disease, which would cause untold damage to the ecosystem. Vultures are incredibly vital to ensuring a healthy african ecosystem. This scavenging behaviour is one of the main drivers of vulture decline. We will go into more detail on this in a future infographic, but essentially 60% of all vulture decline in Africa is due to vultures dying after feeding on carcasses laced with poison, put out by both farmers targeting predators and by poachers directly targeting vultures. All 5 scavenger species are in serious decline, with annual population decreases of between 3 and 7%. Four are critically endangered, and one is currently listed as endangered but should probably be listed to critically endangered. The only endemic vulture not in decline is the Palm-Nut vulture, which feeds mainly on fruit and fish, and rarely scavenges. This severe decline has been termed the ‘African Vulture Crisis’. And it certainly is that. If current trends continue, all endemic carnivorous vulture species will be extinct within 50 years time, with the cape/rüppells vultures dying out in less than 20 years. Our next infographic will detail the non-endemic vulture species, as well as the main conservation threats to vulture species in Africa. The future is bleak for vultures, but it isn’t too late for them, if we act now.

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The Bio Boundary Project is probably one of the most important and interesting Human-Wildlife-Conflict projects in Africa. It is being carried out by @botswanapredatorconservation (BCP). 🧐 The two major aims of this project are to; (1) Prevent predators from killing farmer's livestock by using artificial scent marks that deter animals from crossing the reserve boundaries. 🧪👨‍🔬 (2) To establish up to 250,000 square km of connected under-utilised habitat in Botswana, which would increase the genetic connectivity between core predator areas. 🐆 In the first part of this fascinating interview, Dr Peter Apps introduces to us the concept of BioBoundary Project. Over the following days we will share more exciting parts of this interview, where Dr Apps goes into more detail on the project as well as other projects BPC are currently working on. 🎥🎙 🗣 Please support the Bioboundary project. 🗣 Share this video to your friends, like, comment - help us to spread the message about this project, in the name of conservation! 🙏 BCP - https://www.bpctrust.org/ TwoCan Conservation - https://twocanconservation.com/ 🎥Credit: @alice_peretie, @andrewdanckwerts, @estelle.corade , BCP. 📸Credit: @byrongrobler

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Another little snippet of our very interesting podcast with the founder of the Kalahari Research & Conservation, Dr @maudeglyn. Full video available on our YouTube channel. 🎙️🎥 It might be difficult for the public to distinguish the difference between a National Park, a Game Reserve and a Wildlife Management Area. However the distinction is important to understand how conservation initiatives are performed acording to their specific status. Make sure to follow @krcbotswana to support Dr Maude and his awesome team for their hard work conducting both within and outside Wildlife Management Areas in Botswana 🇧🇼 📸 Cover: @mathieu_latour_lenomadenature #wildlifepodcast #wildlifeconservation #wildlifeinterview #wildlifemanagementarea #nationalpark #keepwildlifeactive #africancommunities #animalhumanconflict #carnivoreconservation #saveourwildlife #endangeredcarnivore

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A quick look at our upcoming interviews. It is highly important for Africans to get a platform to talk about conservation. That is why we at TwoCan Conservation decided to start up a new series that does exactly that. We've recently had the great opportunity to meet and speak with local young and up-and coming African researchers, giving them an opportunity to share with us their passion for conservation, their current research projects, and their views on conservation issues facing Africa today. Stay tuned for the full interviews which will be uploaded in the coming weeks! @rochellemph @tshimologobotilo @tlami_1609 #natureneedsanothervoice #africa #africanconservation #podcast #conservationpodcast #wildlife #wildlifeconservation #wildliferesearch #scientificresearch #interview #botswana #conservation #science #hwc

So how many giraffe species are there? Well it all depends on how you define a species. There are two main definitions. The ‘biological species concept’ is when all individuals in a group can interbreed but are reproductively isolated from other groups. The ‘genetic species concept’ is when all individuals share a common ancestor (ie have evolved from a single point) and are genetically isolated from other groups. For the majority of mammal species, both definitions apply. Take painted dogs for example. All painted dogs can interbreed, they cannot breed with other species, and their genes are unique from a common ancestor, meaning they are genetically isolated from other species as well. However, for the giraffe it is different. All giraffes CAN interbreed to produce fertile offspring - this has been observed in captivity. Under the biological species concept there would therefore be 1 species (with 9 subspecies). HOWEVER, when assessing their genes, it appears that giraffe genes are separated into four main clusters, meaning that in the wild they do not interbreed and are genetically isolated. This means that according to the genetic species concept there are FOUR species of giraffe. This gives evidence that the giraffe species are still evolving. Over evolutionary time (hundreds of thousands of years) it may be the case that these genetically isolated populations would also evolve to become reproductively isolated, meaning they fit the criteria for both species concepts. However, this is not currently the case. So, ultimately, it depends on how you define a species. There are both one AND four species of giraffe at the moment. Personally, I (Will) lean towards four, as the genetic species concept holds more weight for a species than the biological concept. How many giraffe species do you think there are? Do you think it’s one or four species? And how many of these have you seen in the wild? Let us know in the comments! #giraffe #taxonomy #wildife #conservation #species #subspecies #eastafrica #southerngiraffe #northerngiraffe #reticulatedgiraffe #maasaigiraffe #southernafrica #southafrica #wildlifeconservation #saveourwildlife #research

This is an individual of the Southern African giraffe species. Or is it? Could it just be an individual of the South African subspecies of a single giraffe species? How many giraffe species are there really? Our next infographic will dive into this highly controversial matter in the giraffe world. We will define first off what a species is, the multiple definitions of a species, and explain why there could be anywhere between one and four giraffe species still alive on this planet today. Stay tuned! #giraffe #taxonomy #wildife #conservation #zambezinationalpark #zimbabwe #southernafrica #southafrica #wildlifeconservation #saveourwildlife #research #science